Ficus elastica Abidjan, also known as the Rubber Plant, is a popular indoor plant that is native to Southeast Asia. Here's a care guide for Ficus elastica Abidjan:
Light: Ficus elastica Abidjan prefers bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves, so it's best to keep it away from windows with direct sunlight.
Water: Water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry. Avoid over-watering as this can lead to root rot. Allow the soil to drain thoroughly after watering.
Soil: Ficus elastica Abidjan prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and sand works well. The plant can also grow well in soilless potting mix.
Temperature and Humidity: The plant prefers a warm and humid environment, with temperatures between 15°C to 24°C. Keep the plant away from cold drafts, air conditioning vents, and heating sources. The plant also benefits from occasional misting to increase humidity levels.
Fertiliser: Ficus elastica Abidjan benefits from a balanced, water-soluble fertiliser applied once a month during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce fertilisation during the dormant season.
Pruning: Prune the plant regularly to maintain its shape and encourage bushy growth. Cut back any leggy stems to promote new growth. Wipe the pruners with rubbing alcohol before use to avoid spreading disease.
Pests and Diseases: Ficus elastica Abidjan is prone to pest infestations such as mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects. Check the leaves and stem regularly for signs of pests and treat with insecticidal soap or neem oil. The plant can also be susceptible to root rot if over-watered.
By following these care tips, you can help your Ficus elastica Abidjan thrive and enjoy its glossy, dark green leaves.